135.167 Emergency equipment: Extended overwater operations.
(a) Except where the Administrator, by amending the operations
specifications of the certificate holder, requires the carriage of all or
any specific items of the equipment listed below for any overwater
operation, or, upon application of the certificate holder, the Administrator
allows deviation for a particular extended overwater operation, no person
may operate an aircraft in extended overwater operations unless it carries,
installed in conspicuously marked locations easily accessible to the
occupants if a ditching occurs, the following equipment:
(1) An approved life preserver equipped with an approved survivor locator
light for each occupant of the aircraft. The life preserver must be easily
accessible to each seated occupant.
(2) Enough approved liferafts of a rated capacity and buoyancy to
accommodate the occupants of the aircraft.
(b) Each liferaft required by paragraph (a) of this section must be
equipped with or contain at least the following:
(1) One approved survivor locator light.
(2) One approved pyrotechnic signaling device.
(i) One survival kit, appropriately equipped for the route to be flown;
(ii) One canopy (for sail, sunshade, or rain catcher);
(iii) One radar reflector;
(iv) One liferaft repair kit;
(v) One bailing bucket;
(vi) One signaling mirror;
(vii) One police whistle;
(viii) One raft knife;
(ix) One CO2 bottle for emergency inflation;
(x) One inflation pump;
(xi) Two oars;
(xii) One 75-foot retaining line;
(xiii) One magnetic compass;
(xiv) One dye marker;
(xv) One flashlight having at least two size “D” cells or equivalent;
(xvi) A 2-day supply of emergency food rations supplying at least 1,000
calories per day for each person;
(xvii) For each two persons the raft is rated to carry, two pints of
water or one sea water desalting kit;
(xviii) One fishing kit; and
(xix) One book on survival appropriate for the area in which the aircraft
(c) No person may operate an airplane in extended overwater operations
unless there is attached to one of the life rafts required by paragraph (a)
of this section, an approved survival type emergency locator transmitter.
Batteries used in this transmitter must be replaced (or recharged, if the
batteries are rechargeable) when the transmitter has been in use for more
than 1 cumulative hour, or, when 50 percent of their useful life (or for
rechargeable batteries, 50 percent of their useful life of charge) has
expired, as established by the transmitter manufacturer under its approval.
The new expiration date for replacing (or recharging) the battery must be
legibly marked on the outside of the transmitter. The battery useful life
(or useful life of charge) requirements of this paragraph do not apply to
batteries (such as water-activated batteries) that are essentially
unaffected during probable storage intervals.